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Different Types of Common Alopecia

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Alopecia comes in many forms.

Alopecia areata is a form of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, which is where the hair growth begins. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, 40% of women have visible hair loss by the time they’re 40 years old. It usually begins when clumps of hair fall out, resulting in smooth, round hairless patches on the scalp or other areas of the body. Alopecia comes in many forms and can occur for a variety of different reasons.  

Telogen Effluvium

This form of alopecia occurs when a person experiences a traumatic event, is malnourished, has a severe infection, or is under extreme stress. About 4-6 weeks after the stressful event, the shedding phenomenon, known as telogen effluvium, begins. It’s possible to lose handfuls of hair at a time while experiencing this form of alopecia. For some, it is irreversible, while some experience hair growth once the stress has passed.

Anagen Effluvium

This form of alopecia occurs after an insult to the hair follicle that impairs its cellular-level mitotic or metabolic activity. This form of hair loss is typically associated with chemotherapy. Soon after chemotherapy begins, approximately 90% or more of hairs in the anagen phase can fall out. Those experiencing hair loss as a result of chemotherapy will sometimes regrow hair once treatment ends but sometimes the effects are irreversible.

Traction Alopecia

Braiding, cornrows, tight ponytails, and extensions are the most common styling causes of traction alopecia. It’s caused by localized trauma to the hair follicles from tight hairstyles that pull at the hair over time. If the condition is detected early enough, then it will grow back.

Androgenetic Alopecia

This form of hair loss is due to the action of androgens, male hormones that are typically present in only small amounts. It’s caused by a variety of factors tied to the actions of hormones, including some ovarian cysts, taking some form sort of birth control pills, pregnancy, and menopause.


Bonnie Grauer, the owner of Wigs and Hair Solutions, has been a breast cancer survivor for 11 years and is invigorated by helping cancer patients and hair loss sufferers feel confident through her wig services. She has also previously owned Symmetry Hair Studio, where she acquired 25 years of experience in wigs and hair loss solutions.

At Wigs and Hair Solutions, we help our clients with their hair loss. We specialize in human hair wigs, partial pieces, and toppers to cover any level of hair loss. Whether your hair loss is only temporary or a permanent occurrence, or is medically-related, Bonnie will be able to create the look you want with a high-quality wig, topper, or partial piece.

To schedule a private initial consultation with Wigs and Hair Solutions in Columbia, call us today at 410-720-8588. You can visit us online or send us an email at with any questions or concerns.

This entry was posted on Friday, December 2nd, 2016 at . Both comments and pings are currently closed.